What is periodontitis?
Periodontal disease is a gum disease that goes beyond the gums. Plaque on the teeth causes inflammation in the gum line. Such gum disease is called gingivitis. This inflammation can extend the gum line to the subjacent bone. This can eventually lead to periodontal disease.
How does a periodontal disease begin?
An inflammation of the gingival margin (gingivitis) is caused by bacteria. These are bacteria in the plaque. Dental plaque is a soft and sticky, almost invisible layer of salivary proteins and bacterial mass (biofilm) on the teeth. Plaque can calcify into tartar that is securely attached to the teeth.
Gum disease can spread to the deep bone surrounding the teeth. The gums to thereby separate from the teeth and molars. In space (the pocket) that arises between the gums and the teeth, again forms plaque. Through this plaque inflammation moves further into the depths. The fibers pass through the inflammation and will break the bone. As a result, the pockets are deeper. In the deeper pockets partially calcified plaque will form. This progressive inflammation and bone destruction of fibers called periodontitis.
Consequences for not treating periodontitis
If the gum is withdrawn far, it can become an ugly sight. Due to receding gums roots partly become exposed, the teeth can be very sensitive and choose when brushing, hot, cold, sweet or sour foods and drinks. Once broken jawbone can not recover. Eventually, there will disappear as many jawbone, the teeth will stand apart and eventually fall out.
Stages of periodontitis
In the advanced stage of periodontal disease the jawbone and the fibers that keep the teeth in place can be aborted. This allows the teeth to become loose and result in a loss in the worst case.
The tooth and the gum line gathers plaque. The gums become inflamed and will start bleeding.
The edge of the gums become detached from the tooth, bacteria multiply, plaque adheres to the plaque; the surrounding jaw bone is broken down.
The gums withdraws. Bone and tooth tissue pull back further, the tooth becomes loose and may fall out.